Automated Test Equipment (ATE) is an apparatus that performs tests on a device, known as the device under test (DUT), unit under test (UUT), using automation to quickly perform measurements and evaluate the test results. An ATE can be a simple computer controlled multimeter, or a complicated system containing dozens of complex test instruments capable of automatically testing and diagnosing faults in the Line replaceable units (LRU) or UUTs.
ATE is widely used in the electronic manufacturing industry to test electronic components and systems after being manufactured. ATE is also used to test avionics and the electronic modules in automobiles. It is used in military applications like radar and wireless communications due to the nature of the long and time critical test procedures performed on these systems to ensure the operation according to the standards. ATE's are custom built depending on the tests to be performed and the system to be tested.
Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS), are systems to help the driver in the driving process. ADAS are systems developed to automate/adapt/enhance vehicle systems for safety and better driving. Safety features are designed to avoid collisions and accidents by offering technologies that alert the driver to potential problems, or to avoid collisions by implementing safeguards and taking over control of the vehicle. Adaptive features may automate lighting, provide adaptive cruise control, automate braking, incorporate GPS/ traffic warnings, connect to smartphones, alert driver to other cars or dangers, keep the driver in the correct lane, or show what is in blind spots etc.
Advanced driver assistance systems are one of the fastest-growing segments in automotive electronics, with steadily increasing rates of adoption of industry wide quality standards.
Data acquisition (DAQ) is the process of measuring an electrical or physical phenomenon such as voltage, current, temperature, pressure, or sound with a computer.
A DAQ system consists of sensors, DAQ measurement hardware, and a computer with programmable software. Data acquisition is the process of sampling signals that measure real world physical conditions and converting the resulting samples into digital numeric values that can be manipulated by a computer. Data acquisition systems, typically convert analog waveforms into digital values for processing. Data acquisition applications are usually controlled by software programs developed using various general purpose programming languages. Compared to traditional measurement systems, PC-based DAQ systems utilize the processing power, productivity, display, and connectivity capabilities of industrial computers providing a more powerful, flexible, and cost-effective measurement solution.
System design is the process of defining the architecture, components, modules, interfaces, and data for a system to satisfy specified requirements. System design could be seen as the application of systems theory to product development. Object oriented anlysis and design methods are the most widely used methods for computer systems design. The UML has become the standard language in object oriented analysis and design. It is widely used for modeling software systems and is increasingly used for high level designing of non-software systems and organizations as well. Systems engineering deals with work processes, optimization methods, and risk management tools in projects. Systems engineering ensures that all likely aspects of a project or system are considered, and integrated into a one manageable project life cycle.
An embedded system is a computer system with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system, often with real time constraints. Modern embedded systems are based on microcontrollers, but ordinary microprocessors are also commonly used in more complex systems. Embedded systems range from portable devices such as digital watches and MP3 players, to large stationary installations like traffic lights, factory controllers, and largely complex systems like hybrid vehicles and avionics. Complexity varies from low, with a single microcontroller chip, to very high with multiple units, peripherals and networks mounted inside a large enclosure.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. The IoT allows objects to be sensed and controlled remotely across existing network infrastructure, creating opportunities for more direct integration of the physical world into computer-based systems, and resulting in improved efficiency, accuracy and economic benefit. With the expansion of Internet connected automation into new application areas, IoT is also expected to generate large amounts of data from diverse locations, with the consequent necessity for quick aggregation of the data, and an increase in the need to index, store, and process such data more effectively. IoT is one of the platforms of today's Smart City, and Smart Energy Management Systems.
The ability to network embedded devices with limited CPU, memory and power resources allows the IoT to have applications in nearly every field.
Image analysis involves processing an image into fundamental components in order to extract statistical data. Image analysis can include such tasks as finding shapes, detecting edges, removing noise, counting objects, and measuring region and image properties of an object. Digital Image Analysis is when a computer or electrical device automatically studies an image to obtain useful information from it.
The applications of digital image analysis are continuously expanding through all areas of science and industries as medicine, microscopy, remote sensing, astronomy, materials science, machine vision, fault detection, security, robotics, optical character recognition, micro plate reading, metallography and defense applications.
Data communciation is utilized in computer networking equipment such as modems, local area networks adapters, repeaters, hubs, microwave links, wireless network access points, mobile and wi-fi networks.
Digital signal processing (DSP) is the numerical manipulation of signals, usually with the intention to measure, filter, produce or compress continuous analog signals. It is characterized by the use of digital signals to represent these signals as discrete time, discrete frequency, or other discrete domain signals. Applications include audio and speech signal processing, sonar and radar signal processing, sensor array processing, spectral estimation, statistical signal processing, signal processing for communications, control of systems, biomedical signal processing, seismic data processing etc.
A mobile app is a computer program designed to run on mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers. Mobile applications for plant automation, data logging, remote controlling of devices over the networks, remote monitoring applciations, are some areas where the mobile applications are relatively less available and can be developed for Android, iOS and Windows Mobile Platforms.
Industrial automation deals primarily with the automation of manufacturing, quality control and material handling processes. Industrial automation is to replace the decision making of humans and manual command-response activities with the use of mechanized equipment and logical programming commands. Recent trend is the increased use of Machine vision to provide automatic inspection and guidance functions, another is a continuing increase in the use of robots.
Robotics deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing. Industrial robots utilize various mechanical, electrical and pneumatic as well as software systems to allow for high precision, accuracy and speed that exceeds any human performance.
Computer aided design is used in many fields. Its use in designing electronic systems is known as electronic design automation. 3D modeling is the process of developing a mathematical representation of any three dimensional surface of an object. CAD software for mechanical design uses either vector based graphics to depict the objects of traditional drafting, or may also produce raster graphics showing the overall appearance of designed objects. CAD is an important industrial art extensively used in many applications, including automotive, shipbuilding, aerospace industries, industrial machine design, consumer products and many more.
A prototype is designed to test and try a new design to be evaluated by system analysts and users. Prototyping serves to provide specifications for a real, working system rather than a theoretical one.